Periodontitis is one of the most common problems people experience with their oral health. It is a type of periodontal disease, which is a disease affecting the structures around the teeth, including gums. Early stages of periodontal disease are called gingivitis and may also be known as infected gums, or gum disease. Other tissues may be affected if the infection is more severe.
Periodontitis is caused by a build up of bacteria, which is known as plaque. Plaque builds up over time and will eventually lead to tartar forming on the teeth. This causes plaque to grow closer to the tooth roots and will lead to periodontal pockets of bacteria.
Signs of periodontitis include:
Periodontitis needs to be treated by a qualified dentist. There are several methods of treatment that you might undergo, depending on the severity of periodontal disease. These are the most common types of treatment:
Treatment will usually be able to stop periodontitis, however it’s important to prevent it coming back. One of the best things you can do is visit your dentist and hygienist regularly for a professional clean. Once your periodontal disease is under control, they will also be able to show you how to brush your teeth and use floss effectively to prevent it coming back.